Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to many similar types of outfits originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the initial garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but from time to time also for lounging,[two] also by equally sexes. Much more generally, pajamas may refer to numerous clothes, for equally daywear and nightwear, derived from classic pajamas and involving variations of favor and materials.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 from your Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The original pyjāmā are unfastened, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Firm rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and nineteenth centuries, as well as British influence on the broader Western globe in the Victorian era. Pajamas were introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they shortly fell out of trend. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is utilized by several folks in India e.g. by Ladies of varied courses, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of both sexes. It was adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans being an write-up of dishabille and of evening attire, and it is synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the behavior like a excellent a lot of Other folks with the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London outlets. A colleague furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on forty decades in the past, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was from time to time the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it's because of the White Ants."[ten]
Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers blend made from smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element normally has a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals choose to snooze or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas tend to be identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned pidzame opening in the seat, intended to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-1st century They are really fairly exceptional.
Up to date pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are numerous versions in model like quick sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of varying size, or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different elements. Mainly during the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Generally worn by youngsters, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may be footed.
Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they've at times provided the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of shorter costume major around shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps now refer to Gals's mixture daywear, especially in the US where they turned common inside the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.